The price of women’s immigration

first_imgAfter it was over, the nightmares came: the sound of the thundering train, and the threat of gangs — including Los Zetas, Mexico’s most infamous cartel — that loomed at every turn.Sometimes the dangers presented themselves randomly. Once, a branch swooped down. Sonia Nazario ducked just in time, but a child, farther back on the train, was whisked off, likely taken under the train’s unforgiving wheels.Nazario was traveling from Honduras atop a speeding freighter alongside Central American migrants on the journey known as la bestia — the beast — or more grimly, perhaps more accurately, el tren de la muerte — the train of death.In the name of research, she twice had volunteered herself for this trek, the kind that thousands of desperate migrants daily undertake, barreling through Mexico toward the United States on a train top, sleeping with one eye open, always anticipating robbery, rape, mutilation, and murder.“The impact of immigration on the lives of women and children is rarely discussed,” said Radcliffe Dean Lizabeth Cohen as she opened the “Crossing Borders: Immigration and Gender in the Americas” conference last Thursday.Day one of the conference began with a concert by Quetzal, a Grammy Award-winning rock band from East Los Angeles whose music takes up the social and political stories of struggling people; singer Martha Gonzalez participated in the opening night panel discussion. The conference tackled transnational identity, reproductive law, and the influence and impact of American society on immigrant children.Nazario, who kicked off day two of the conference on Friday, is an immigrant herself. “I thought I knew something about determination,” she said, drawing from her parents’ relocations from Poland and Syria to Argentina, and from there to the United States, “but then a conversation in my kitchen with my housecleaner, Carmen, made me understand real determination.Quetzal || Radcliffe Institute <a href=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuIpaSpVUhs” rel=”nofollow” target=”_blank”> <img src=”https://img.youtube.com/vi/OuIpaSpVUhs/0.jpg” alt=”0″ title=”How To Choose The Correct Channel Type For Your Video Content ” /> </a> The “Crossing Borders” conference began with a performance by Quetzal. Between sets, lead singer Martha Gonzalez participated in a dialogue with a group of scholars and critics to contextualize the performance with the themes of the conference.“I remember one morning asking Carmen if she was thinking about having any more kids. She was normally very chatty, but when I asked her this question she went stone silent, and she explained to me that she had left four children behind in Guatemala,” recalled Nazario.“She said she was a single mother, and her husband had left her for another woman. And she said that most days she could feed her kids once, maybe twice, and at night her children cried for hunger, and she had nothing to give them. She’d coax her kids to roll over in bed at night and she’d tell them, ‘Sleep face down so your stomach doesn’t growl so much.’ She told me how she left these kids with her grandmother while she came to work in Los Angeles, and she told me that she hadn’t seen these children in 12 years.“Imagine not seeing your children for that period of time. She said her youngest daughter was a year old — still breastfeeding — when Carmen walked away from her. I remember being stunned by what she was telling me. Why are women willing to go 10,000 miles away from their home, not knowing when or if they would see their children again? And also, I had been taught, weren’t immigrants overwhelmingly men?”Fifty-one percent of new immigrants to the United States are women and children, not men, said Nazario. They are part of the largest wave of immigration here since 1990, and many of the women have made the painful decision to leave their children for a train ride with no guarantees and a chance to make a better life for their families. A study by the University of Southern California estimates that four out of every five live-in nannies has a child left behind in home countries.Nazario visited these women in their homes across the United States — including the mother of Enrique, the subject of Nazario’s book “Enrique’s Journey”; the woman had relocated to North Carolina. “A lot of these women were coming here and taking care of other people’s children, but they told me they were not there to see their children take their first steps, or hear their first words, or be there for their quinceañera,” she said.  The consequences of a mother’s departure and women’s immigration are widespread, noted Nazario. Many kids, like Enrique, desperate to know if his mother really loved them, turn to drugs, develop emotional and developmental problems, and end up hating their mothers for leaving.There are, of course, psychological repercussions for the 11 million undocumented immigrants living in the United States and contending with assimilation and the ongoing uncertainty about immigration reform.“Americans in general are quite ambivalent about immigration,” said Mary C. Waters, the conference chair and the M.E. Zukerman Professor of Sociology.“We’re quite proud of our immigrant ancestors, and quite proud of ourselves as a nation of immigrants, but quite worried about the new immigrants who are always arriving. I think that ambivalence runs deep in our society … Right now we’re at that pivotal crossroads. There are 11 million undocumented immigrants in the U.S. That is about the same number of African-Americans who lived in the South under Jim Crow racism before the Civil Rights Movement. These 11 million undocumented people have virtually no rights and live in constant fear of deportation, of their families being torn apart, and they are part of our society in almost every way except for having the civil rights that we all share.”The conference was held in conjunction with a photographic exhibit, “Crossing Borders Images.” The exhibit is on view through Friday.last_img read more

VINS Co-Chairs New England Enviromental Education Alliance 38th Annual Conference

first_imgThe Vermont Institute of Natural Science (VINS) will play akey role in this year’s New England Environmental Education Alliance(NEEEA) Conference October 15-17, 2004 to be held at the beautiful BreadLoaf Campus of M i ddlebury College in Ripton, VT. Marcia Whitney, VINSDirector of Statewide Education, is co-chair of the conference andchairs the Fundraising/Sponsorship Committee and Lisa Purcell, VINS ELFProgram Director, chairs its Field Trip Committee. Other VINS staff serveon committees as well.This year’s conference theme is “Opening Doors: Collaboration StrengthensOur Voice to Build Sustainable Communities”. The conference is co-hostedby Vermont SWEEP (State-wide Environmental Education Programs) andMiddlebury College. Keynote speakers include Mayor Peter Clavelle ofBurlington, community leaders, city decision makers, educators and youthas they share Burlington’s story of creating a sustainable city. Thethree-day event will also feature seven different field trips such asexploring Lake Champlain, learning about cold region environments, andvisiting a sustainable agriculture farm; 40 different educationalworkshops; entertainment; food; and a silent auction. The conference isopen to environmental organizations, teachers and schools, outdooreducators, museums, farm & forest centers, nature centers, youth leaders,parents, and anyone else interested in environmental education.For acomplete conference brochure, go to http://www.vermontsweep.org(link is external).Registration is due by September 28th.The Vermont Institute of Natural Science is a non-profit, member-supportedorganization headquartered in Woodstock, Vermont, with regional offices inMontpelier, Manchester, and Quechee. VINS’ educational programs servemore than 80,000 adults and 72,000 students each year, making it thelargest environmental educator in the State of Vermont. They have longbeen a leading research center for the study of migratory songbirds,common loons, peregrine falcons, and other threatened or endangeredspecies. VINS’ wildlife services department has treated and releasedthousands of injured wild birds of all species since their inception in1972. For more information, please visit their website atwwww.vinsweb.org(link is external) or contact them at (802) 457-2779.last_img read more

Whicker: Tiger Woods mourns the loss of Bryant, his partner in sports dominance

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREUCLA alum Kenny Clark signs four-year contract extension with PackersNearly 150 miles to the north of Torrey Pines, a 28-year-old helicopter began failing.About 90 minutes after that, Dennis Paulson of the Golf Channel quietly told Joe LaCava, Woods’ caddie, that Kobe Bryant was gone.LaCava kept it to himself. As Woods walked through the back nine, he occasionally heard someone yell, “Mamba” or “Do it for Mamba.” He tuned it out; no sportsman on earth has heard more extraneous fan comments than Woods.Once Woods holed his final putt for a 70 and a ninth-place finish in the Farmers Insurance Open on Sunday, LaCava gave him the indigestible news.“I grew up a die-hard Laker fan, it’s part of me, it’s all I remember,” Woods said, caught in the numbness that precedes the first wave of grief. “This is one of the most shocking, tragic days that I can ever remember.” Bryant and his 13-year-old daughter Gianna, nicknamed Gigi, were headed to Gigi’s basketball game. John Altobelli, who won a state championship last spring coaching Orange Coast College’s baseball team, was on the chopper with his daughter. The four of them frequently traveled like that. The crash claimed them and five others.Bryant and wife Vanessa and the four girls occasionally came to Lakers games, and he coached his daughters’ teams. “Gigi’s a dog,” Bryant proudly told the Sparks’ Candace Parker and TNT’s Kristen Ledlow on a recent podcast. “She loves to compete.”The news penetrated the hardest bubbles, even the one that surrounds the PGA Tour.Matthew Wolff is from Westlake, Max Homa from Valencia.“I talk to Justin Thomas all the time, about how much we try to emulate him,” Homa said. “He’s been a big part of my life. My caddie pulled me aside after a good day of golf (a 67, good for ninth) and said he had terrible news. It’s awful and sad and shocking. My wife and I were on the couch watching his last game (the 60-pointer at the end of the 2016 season). He was my first-ish basketball memory.“He’s Superman. He played the game with, like, eight broken fingers. He shot two free throws with a torn Achilles. It’s hard to believe anybody like that could have the sniffles, let alone something like this happening.”Homa said he’s been inspired by a poster he’d read about and that Bryant kept in his locker.It was the quote from Jacob Riis that adorns the San Antonio Spurs’ locker room in several languages: “Look at a stonecutter hammering away at his rock, perhaps a hundred times without as much as a crack showing in it. Yet at the 101st blow it will split in two, and I know that it was not the last blow that did it, but all that had gone before.”“It’s devastating,” Wolff said. “You feel sick to your stomach. Nothing feels right at this point because you’re not just losing a great player, you’re losing a legend as a person. He’s a light. There’s really nothing you can say except you can’t take anything for granted. I’m devastated and I didn’t even know him.”But Tiger was Kobe’s career Doppelganger.Sign up for the Purple and Bold newsletter for complete Lakers coverage delivered 3 days a week. Subscribe here.Bryant was drafted in June of 1996. Tiger turned pro three months later. When Bryant and the Lakers won the 2000 NBA championship and then the next two, Woods was in the midst of a one-man dynasty. One month after that 2000 Lakers title, which Bryant cemented in Game 4 of the Finals, Woods won the British Open. At that point, he held all four major championship trophies at once.Woods won his 14th major in June of 2008. Bryant won his fourth Lakers title 12 months later and the MVP. Their bodies betrayed them at about the same time. Bryant retired in 2016, a year in which Woods was too injured to play at all.Now Woods is well into his second golfing act. He and Bryant shared so much, shared boundless ambition and intelligence. Each had a massive belief in his destiny.Bryant played voraciously and without mercy. He nicknamed himself after the most vicious reptile in the world. Woods saw no reason to win by five when it was possible to win by 10. They were kindred spirit animals.“When I lived in Newport Beach we’d work out together,” Woods said. “We really connected more on the mental side of it. The amount of hours he’d spend in the gym, it looked like it came natural on the court, but he spent more hours looking at film and working on the details. That’s where he and I connected.“We’re very similar. We had our 20-year run together. It’s shocking.”The coldest, cruelest part of Sunday was the knowledge of the aftershocks that are rolling toward a city that worshiped Kobe Bryant like no one else in its history.This was the calm before the pain. We are providing free access to this article. Please consider supporting local journalism like this by subscribing here. SAN DIEGO — At 9:45 a.m. they greeted one of the two essential American athletes of the past 25 years.They had no clue what was about to happen to the other one.Three guys wore orange tiger suits, with stripes and tail. One old fellow near the first green saw the man coming and yelled, “I’ve been waiting for 20 years for this.”The fairways were lined and the hopes were high. The world slams the brakes whenever Tiger Woods stalks a victory. Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Errorlast_img read more