In his new book, “The Royalist Revolution: Monarchy and the American Founding,” Robert M. Beren Professor of Government Eric Nelson focuses on abuses of the British Parliament, rather than the actions of the crown, as the central force behind the Revolution. The Gazette spoke with Nelson about 18th-century politics, executive power, and more. GAZETTE: This is a pretty revolutionary book (pun intended). What was the catalyst for writing it?NELSON: A group of undergraduates came to my office hours in 2008 to complain that there was no course at Harvard on the American Revolution. My initial response was: “Look harder!” But it turned out that they were right. This seemed unfortunate to me, not least because my office is about 400 yards away from the spot where Washington mustered the Continental Army in July 1775. So I decided to put together a course on the political thought of the Revolution. The topic had always fascinated me, and I had written about it in a cursory way in my first book, but it took a good deal of work to bring myself up to speed. As I read my way through the pamphlet literature of the period in detail, I began to see the story of the Revolution quite differently.GAZETTE: Isn’t it weird that the Founding Fathers would want to give more control to one figure? That’s typically called a dictatorship these days.NELSON: This is bound to seem decidedly odd to us, since we are so used to understanding the Revolution as a revolt against kingly power and executive tyranny. But seen from the perspective of a British American in, say, 1770, it’s entirely unsurprising. Patriots confronted what they regarded as a tyrannical legislature (i.e., the British Parliament) that was claiming the right to tax them and legislate for them in numerous respects. They came to believe that Parliament could only be restrained by a re-energized crown, and they accordingly urged George III to revive prerogative powers that no English monarch had wielded for almost 100 years. I believe that this patriot turn to the royal prerogative is what set American constitutionalism on its distinctive path.GAZETTE: How are the themes in this book modern and applicable today?NELSON: The story I tell speaks directly to a number of present-day controversies, not least the current debate over the extent of executive power. Many critics of President Obama have explicitly grounded their opposition to his use of executive orders, recess appointments, and so on in a particular narrative about the origins of the American Revolution. To take just one example, in an essay endorsing congressional litigation against the president, George Will insisted that, “having rebelled against George III’s unfettered exercise of ‘royal prerogative,’” the Founding Fathers surely could never have intended to invest their new chief magistrate with the sorts of powers being claimed by the president. Now, the uses of executive power under discussion may or may not be constitutional (my own view is that some are and some are not), but this understanding of the Revolution is largely false — and it prevents us from forming a proper understanding of the place of the executive in our constitutional scheme.GAZETTE: You recently had jury duty. Was it your first time? Can you tell me anything about the case and how it went?NELSON: It was a difficult but fascinating experience. I’ve never had much time for the argument (often attributed, problematically, to Aristotle) that groups make better decisions than individual people, because they are able to harness the talents, observations, and experiences of each of their members. But I have to say that some version of this phenomenon was very much on display during our deliberations in the jury room. Almost every juror noticed something important about the case that no other juror had observed. So perhaps there is something to the so-called wisdom of crowds, at least under some circumstances.GAZETTE: “The Royalist Revolution” is being called a revisionist history book. If you could go back and change something from your life, would you? What would it be, and why?NELSON: When I was about 11 years old, I threw a temper tantrum that persuaded my parents to allow me to quit the piano. This was a huge mistake that I’ve always regretted.GAZETTE: This is a staunchly academic book — no light beach reading here. Tell me something nonacademic about you that might surprise people.NELSON: I’m quite a fanatical skier, but I suppose the least scholarly fact about me is that I’m a voracious consumer of bad television. After a day of research and teaching, I’m not the guy who curls up with a copy of Joyce. I need to shut my brain off, and I tend to do this by watching 1) anyone playing anyone else in football; 2) cooking competitions (even though I don’t cook); or 3) those awful shows about buying and fixing houses (even though I can barely change a light bulb). Sad, but true.
Advertisement Alex Iwobi moved to Everton on deadline day (Picture: Arsenal FC via Getty Images)Alex Iwobi has received the blessings of some Arsenal greats after leaving the club for Everton on transfer deadline day.The Nigeria international made the switch to Goodison Park for an initial fee of £28m on Thursday, while the Gunners brought in Kieran Tierney and David Luiz on deadline day.The 23-year-old made 149 appearances for Arsenal, scoring 15 goals in all competitions and winning the FA Cup in 2017.Despite switching to a Premier League rival, Gunners heroes Ian Wright and Nwankwo Kanu have hailed the midfielder and given him their best wishes at his new club.ADVERTISEMENTWright wrote on Instagram: ‘All the best @alexanderiwobi we love you ♥️♥️♥️ #OnceAlways.’AdvertisementAdvertisementKanu added on Twitter: ‘Once a Gunner, Always a Gunner. We are proud of you and will continue to support you. Good luck with your new club.’More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man CityEverton boss Marco Silva was delighted to welcome his new signing to Merseyside, saying: ‘Alex was one of our main targets for this window and I believe he is a fantastic signing. He is a direct and skilful winger and attacking midfielder who always works very hard.‘He is still young but already with a lot of top-level experience – 100 Premier League matches, more in Europe and many international games.‘Alex fits exactly the profile of player I want. He is hungry to join Everton and take the next step in his career, to help us compete with the strongest teams in the league and reach his potential at our club.’Everton get their Premier League campaign underway at Crystal Palace on Saturday afternoon but Iwobi will not be available for the fixture.MORE: Frank Lampard reveals why Chelsea agreed to let David Luiz join ArsenalMORE: Arsenal provide fitness updates on new signings David Luiz and Kieran Tierney ahead on Newcastle clash Comment Arsenal heroes Ian Wright and Kanu send messages to Alex Iwobi after move to Everton Metro Sport ReporterFriday 9 Aug 2019 4:41 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link Advertisement
Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error “My batting practice days are over,” he said.Urias’ clock tickingJulio Urias has only thrown 58 combined innings this year between the majors and Triple-A, but the Dodgers are already planning to curtail his usage after his next two starts. Urias is scheduled to start Friday against the Milwaukee Brewers and next Wednesday against the Washington Nationals. And then? “We’ll go from there,” Dodgers manager Dave Roberts said. The Dodgers also count a pitcher’s spring training stats toward his innings limit, so his actual total is somewhere in the 60s. The team hasn’t publicly stated what his innings limit for the season is, but it’s believed to be no less than 100 innings. Not including spring training games, Urias pitched 80 innings across four levels in 2015. As for how to limit his innings, the Dodgers have some options to choose from, most of which would appear involve Urias going back to the minor leagues for a time. Roberts ruled out the possibility of Urias remaining in the majors as a reliever for now.Frankie Montas, Brandon McCarthy and Hyun-Jin Ryu are all candidates to replace Urias in the rotation.Dodgers sign Lux, other picksThe Dodgers agreed to terms with first-round draft pick Gavin Lux, a shortstop from Indian Trail Academy in Kenosha, Wisconsin. Lux receives a $2.317 million signing bonus, slightly above the $2.316 million value MLB assigned to the 20th overall pick. The Dodgers have a total bonus pool of $9,336,500 to spend from.Of their first seven picks, only Louisville catcher Will Smith (32nd overall) and Vanderbilt pitcher Jordan Sheffield (36th) are believed to be unsigned. The team has officially announced eight signings: Errol Robinson (sixth round), Andre Scrubb (eighth), Dean Kremer (14th), Darien Tubbs (16th), Brock Carpenter (20th), Jeff Paschke (22nd), Brandon Montgomery (26th) and Stevie Berman (31st)..Dodgers catcher A.J. Ellis, who lives in Wisconsin in the offseason, said he took batting practice with Lux twice. “I remember seeing him as a freshman at the hitting facility,” Ellis said. “I was told he was one of the top freshmen in the country. The size wasn’t there, but the mechanics were. If he can grow into his body, the motions are already there.”AlsoKenta Maeda remains on track to make his next scheduled start Sunday against the Brewers. Maeda was knocked out of his last start after he took a line drive off his right leg. … McCarthy pitched three innings for Single-A Rancho Cucamonga in his second rehab start. He allowed four hits, including a home run, walked no batters and struck out four. His fastball sat 89 mph according to the San Jose Giants’ broadcast. … Yasiel Puig played seven innings for Rancho Cucamonga. He’s expected to play another seven tomorrow and rejoin the Dodgers in four days. … Roberts was once teammates with pitcher Eric Gagne, who has been keeping the franchise record for saves (161) warm for Kenley Jansen since 2006. Jansen tied Gagne’s record Wednesday. The difference between the two? “Gagne was more intense,” Roberts said. In a bad season for Dodgers medical updates, June has been a bad month.But one bit of good news emerged Thursday: pitcher Alex Wood, who was originally told not to throw for four weeks because of inflammation in his left elbow, will begin a throwing program next week, a few days earlier than planned.“We’re on pace to hit all my marks,” he said.Wood said he had some fluid drained from the elbow and received a cortisone shot. Since then, his inflammation subsided enough that the Dodgers’ training staff cleared him to begin throwing about 31/2 weeks after his last game, May 30 in Chicago. Wood said his throwing program ought to last three weeks “at the most” before he’s cleared to pitch in a game. Barring any setbacks, Wood could be back on a mound in a game in mid-July.“It was bad news in terms of the time frame, but it was just inflammation,” Wood said. “There was nothing structurally wrong. Everything looked great — flexor, triceps, UCL — in the MRI.”Wood is 1-4 with a 3.99 earned-run average in 10 starts this season.The left-hander believes he suffered the initial injury swinging a bat May 15 against St. Louis. It affected his throwing each of his next two starts.If any pitchers get invited to this year’s Home Run Derby, count Wood out.