Father – Promileswar Banerjee, Mother – Gayatri BanerjeeEducation: Completed graduation with honours in history from Jogamaya Devi College in south Kolkata. She earned a master’s degree in Islamic History from the University of Calcutta. This was followed by a degree in education from Shri Shikshayatan College. Later, she got a law degree from Jogesh Chandra Chaudhuri Law College, Kolkata.Major Moments:Started political career with Congress (I) in the early 1970s, General Secretary of state Mahila Congress (I) from 1976 to 1980.In the 1984, elected to Lok Sabha as one of the youngest parliamentarians, beating veteran Somnath Chatterjee from the Jadavpur in South Kolkata, became the General-Secretary of the All India Youth Congress.Lost election in 1989, returned to Lok Sabha in 1991 by shifting to Kolkata South constituency, was made the Union Minister of State for HRD, Youth Affairs and Sports, and Women & Child Development.In 1991, Banerjee fractured her head in an attacked by a CPI-M goon Lalu Alam. The incident took place at Hazra crossing in southern part of Kolkata when Banerjee was leading a Congress rally.In 1993, Banerjee was physically hackled and thrown out of state secretariat Writers’ Buildings by the police for protesting in front of the then chief minister Jyoti Basu’s office.In April 1996, she alleged Congress was behaving as a stooge of the CPI (M) in West Bengal, and demanded to “clean Congress”.In 1997, resigned from Congress, established All India Trinamool Congress.In 1999, joined the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government, allocated the Railways Ministry. In 2000, in her first Railway Budget, introduced a lot of new express trains in West Bengal.advertisementIn 2000, Trinamool Congress took over the reigns of Kolkata Municipal Corporation, with Subrata Mukherjee as the Mayor.In early 2001, she walked out of the NDA cabinet and allied with the Congress for the state assembly elections to topple the Left Front government, but failed as the alliance won only 86 seats.In 2004 Lok Sabha elections, she was the only Trinamool Congress member to win a seat from West Bengal.In August 2004, Banerjee had fractured second and third ribs of her right cage during a dais collapse incident at Gopiballavpur in West Midnapore district. The accident occurred when she was addressing an anti-Left Front rally.In October 2005, she protested against the industrialization policy of the Left Front government in West Bengal and protested against the entry of Indonesia-based Salim Group’s interest in the state.In 2005, Trinamool Congress lost control of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation and the Mayor Subrata Mukherjee defected to Congress.In 2006, Trinamool Congress could win only 30 seats in the state assembly election. On 4 August 2006, hurled her resignation paper at the deputy speaker Charanjit Singh Atwal in Lok Sabha as her adjournment motion on infiltration by Bangladeshis in West Bengal was not allowed.In 2007, launched campaign to stop a chemical hub (SEZ) at Nandigram in East Midnapore district, resulting in killing of 14 villagers in police firing. Trinamool Congress staged blockade, protests and strikes. The Left Front government shelved the proposed chemical hub project.Mamata Banerjee gained a huge political benefit from Nandigram, performed better in Panchayat election in 2008, and won two Zilla Parishads.In 2008, drew international media attention by stopping Tata Motors’ dream Nano (the cheapest car in the world) project at Singur in Hooghly district over land acquisition controversy.Towards the end of 2008, took active part in extending support to the uprising against police atrocities at Lalgarh in West Midnapore district. Left Front accuses her of working in tandem with Maoists.Trinamool Congress shook Left Front’s foundation in Lok Sabha election in 2009, bagging 19 MP seats. Its allies Congress and SUCI also got 6 and 1 MP seats respectively. Mamata Banerjee takes over as Railway Minister.On May 28, 2010, derailment of Jnaneswari Express near Jhargram in West Midnapore district, killing 149 people, Mamata Banerjee alleges that the sabotage a handiwork of ruling CPI (M), demands CBI inquiry.In June 2010, Trinamool Congress fought municipal election alone (without alliance with Congress), and registered a landslide victory.In August 2010, surprised everyone when she said at a public meeting in Lalgarh, the Maoist heartland that Comrade Azad was killed in cold-blood, and toe Maoist demand for an inquiry into the killing.In August 2010, a truck hit a vehicle in the convoy of railway minister Mamata Banerjee at Kolaghat in East Midnapore when she was returning from West Midnapore’s Lalgarh after addressing a rally.