Unhappy In America

first_imgCan we call her Aparna? She is about to open up a vein and show you how she bleeds – but she’s not about to tell you her real name. She is nameless, faceless. But her story is partly yours and mine, of every immigrant who left some place to arrive some place else. She prefers to remain anonymous. Yet ask her about her life in America, and it’s like opening the floodgates.She is unhappy in America. Do you hear: unhappy! She wants to go back home!People are incredulous when they hear that: who in their right minds would want to leave America, the golden land of opportunities and dollar bills? You have people clawing and scratching, trying to get into America – and she wants to leave? Actually Aparna never wanted to come to America. An English teacher in a private school in Delhi, she was very happy with her life, her job. She had her own income, her own car, a close-knit family and a cache of wonderful friends. But then she fell in love and marriage brought her willy-nilly to America. Her husband’s extended family was already in the United States and he felt obliged to take a shot at the American Dream, even though he already held a decent job in India.From the hubbub and colorful chaos of Delhi she journeyed to a town in the Midwest that shall remain unnamed. She recalls, “It was so lonely and cold. There was barren land on both sides of the house and I was alone, from morning to evening. I was new, but so was my husband. Indian women are supposed to be leaning on their husbands, but I would see him struggling with new situations. Every day he would go to work and I did nothing.”Most wounding to her was the loss of her independence: Her H4 visa robbed her of her identity – she was not allowed to work, and did not have a bank balance or credit card – and to even take a trip back home, she was dependent on her husband.She had been driving for years in India, but here she failed the crucial road test because she was used to driving on the left. She recalls the utter hopelessness she felt then: “When I come out of the car, I sit and cry and cry. I don’t believe this. I’ve been driving for years and now they tell me I can’t drive? I’m crying like a baby. I don’t want to live in this country. I mean, every day you’re struggling.”The colors seemed to have been drained out of her life. Says Aparna, “The small pleasures of life I used to experience in India, I do not experience here. In India, standing on your balcony, you see life, you see kids playing, you see people sitting together. Neighbors stop to laugh and chat and find out how you’re doing.“Here I would sit on the deck in the suburbs. All around me, there are beautiful trees, beautiful landscapes, and lovely cars. But there are no people. You might as well hang up a pretty picture in your living room and just keep on watching that. What’s the difference?”The breaking point came when she heard of a big bomb blast in one of the busy markets in Delhi that her parents frequented. “I got the news after two days and the sense of the distance put me further into a depression. The third day I was like I don’t care whether we have any furniture or not. I want a television with the Indian connections. I need to know if something like this happens again, and I don’t want to know two days later or from an Indian whom I accidentally meet somewhere!” Like Aparna, Vaishali Bhatia of Cleveland, Ohio, misses India deeply. Only Bhatia has never lived in India! So how do you miss a place with all your heart and soul when you left it at the age of 3?Bhatia grew up in Dubai, which he imagines as a mirror image of India to some extent: “Dubai is so much like India that we never missed anything. We had Indian schools, Indian culture and cuisine. We were in a country away from home but in Dubai, it was as if we never left India.” Her husband, also from Dubai, has acclimatized well to America, but Bhatia and many of her friends, all young mothers, worry about bringing up their children here.“Initially it was very depressing, because you miss your family and the whole culture is different. Like me, I have friends who had no choice – marriage brought them to the U.S. The cultural difference is the biggest thing. It’s tough to blend in with the people here. You may think you have a green card, you have citizenship, but you’re just not amongst them. They still look at you as different.”Taking her 4-year-old daughter to day care, getting involved in the rituals of mainstream American life, she found herself wondering what she was really doing here. All the festivals she had grown up with seemed far away and lost: “My daughter is growing up here and I worry about her – that she will pick up the culture here and that constantly depresses me. I’m trying to blend in, but at times I still feel depressed and lonely. I think if I were 40 or 50, I would still prefer to go back. I cannot live here for good.”She adds: “I think each and every individual is here to make money. Personally if given a choice, each one of us would be there and not here. So I guess each one of us is compromising and trying to adjust.”She acknowledges that Indian communities are growing in America, but she still does not find it the real thing: “Everything seems to be artificial and formal and people seem to be pretending. You feel as if everyone has a mask on their face. They are not the same any more.”In the five years she’s been there, she’s seen a big explosion in the Indian community in Cleveland and gradually she’s built up a support system of like-minded friends. She still feels it’s a lot of effort to make sure the children get their dose of culture while in India you just have it all around you. As she points out, even the weather in Cleveland makes you sad. It’s bitterly cold for six to seven months and you’re confined to your house with nothing to do. What one wouldn’t give for the warm blaze and sea breezes of Bombay!What bothers the most, she says, is the school culture. “You’re more exposed to guns, you’re more exposed to drugs, there are kids being abducted. My biggest worry is the culture we are adopting because this is not what we are. This is not how we want our future to be, this is not what we were taught.“We are giving our future generations away to America. They are not going to be Indian anymore. So we are just giving away our heritage, our culture, and that scares me the most. Once our generation is gone, we’re done. Nobody will be following anything Indian.”That is the fear that stalks Aparna too, that her children will not know the India she knew and will grow up seeing their grandparents, uncles and aunts and cousins only as snapshots in an album. She feels in America, people are running on mental treadmills, with no time for anyone. You dare not drop in on a friend uninvited or dawdle with extended family, chatting over dinner on a weekday. Partha Banerjee who works with New Immigrant Community Empowerment: “There are so many stories of unhappy people.”She says, “It’s this ‘I’m really busy’ attitude. It’s the same 24 hours we used to have in India, the same 24 hours we have here. It’s the same time, what’s the difference, I don’t understand. Yes, I know we don’t have help here, but I’d make sure I give a hand with the dishes before I leave.”The only thing she appreciates about America is the freedom a woman gets and she savors the fact that she can drive around at midnight or walk on the street without being harassed, as was often her experience in India.Like a prisoner doing time, she is waiting to go back to India in three years, getting a teaching job that she loves and raising a family the way she wants in India.Does she feel her life has been interrupted or put on hold in some way? “Yes, definitely. I just think I’m not living life as such. I want my coming generations to retain that which I feel I will lose if I live here. I don’t want to. It’s sad.”She feels the financial rewards of America are overrated. So what if you have a house or car? “You have a car to drive, because here it’s a necessity. In India it’s a luxury. Here, you have a car, but it’s not your own. You have a house but it’s not your own. You don’t pay two installments, they’ll come and take it away. ”Well-wishers point out to her the glittering wonders of America, the many malls where you can get anything your heart desires. She says, “Yes, because you don’t have a family or circle of friends whom you can be with, you walk around malls and ultimately buy things. It’s a consumer society and that’s the only entertainment.”People warn her that after being exposed to America’s charms, she’ll never be able to live in India again. She retorts, “You lived there for 25, 30 years, and now it’s suddenly intolerable to you? I don’t understand that. It’s the same world, probably even better than what you had left earlier.”Finally, what is the green card really worth? Aparna has seen people who have been unable to attend the last rites of their beloved parents, because they did not want to jeopardize their chances of getting this little piece of paper.She says, her voice breaking: “People tell me I’m getting emotional. Yes, sure I am. If you cannot be with your dying parent, then what is life all about? They invest all their love, time and effort in bringing you up and you cannot be there for that final goodbye? When the child is not there, what’s the point?”Shattered DreamsPartha Banerjee can certainly tell you a thing or two about being unhappy in America. The people he deals with every day at New Immigrant Community Empowerment (NICE) in Jackson Heights, Queens, live incredibly difficult lives here in the richest, most affluent country on the planet.He can feel their pain, because he’s been there. He grew up poor in Calcutta, but built his future on his education. By 25, he was a college professor and married to Mukti, also a college professor based in Calcutta. But the only job that he could get was in Basanti, a god-forsaken place right out of a Satyajit Ray film – a remote island in the Sundarbans area, 100 miles from Calcutta, without any roads, electricity or running water.He says, “For me, with few government connections, it was very difficult to find a job in Calcutta.” So he applied to several American universities and set out to get his masters in biology at Illinois State University, which gave him a full scholarship.“Many people, especially the professionals who come here with a green card, do not understand the struggles you go through when you come here as a foreign student,” he says. “I was a teacher’s assistant and for this I received a $380 per month stipend from which I had to pay the rent and feed the family.” This was his sole income since neither he now his wife were authorized to work by INS rules. Sharmila Rudrappa, of the University of Texas at Austin: “It is absolutely isolating and incredibly depressing for them.” “This is the way foreign students live in this country and most people don’t know that. These students are taken advantage of all the time, because they have no place else to go.” As a graduate student with a wife and child, money was so tight that the family could not afford to go back to India for nine long years. During that period, some relatives and close friends passed away.Even more grueling than the poverty was the loneliness. He says, “If you live in isolation, if you live in loneliness, that is the worst thing that can happen to an immigrant.”He points out that while people who live in major metros like New York, New Jersey, Atlanta or Los Angeles, even if they are poor, are surrounded by community, but the thousands of Indians living in small towns do not have this luxury.His life in Southern and Central Illinois, andlater in upstate New York was very spartan and emotionally bare: “These are small, cold desolate places and you have no friends. It’s miserable. If you have no job, you are ill or have some health problem, then that’s the time you feel more isolated, more lonely. And that’s the time you wish that you hadn’t come to this country.”After taking a PhD from Southern Illinois University and his first postdoctoral job at the New York State Department of Biology, he segued into writing, earning a graduate degree in journalism from Columbia University.Foillowing a stint as a TV producer, he chucked it all to become a full-time advocate with NICE, doing grass-roots work with immigrants of all races and helping them in their day to day struggles.And in taking a pay-cut and leaving academia and corporate America, Banerjee found himself. He says: “If you really are in a lifelong searching process, it’s an exploration to find where you belong and what makes you happy. It’s not about making money.” Would be go back? “This is a very difficult question, because nobody knows the real answer,” he says. “Emotionally and spiritually I was much happier in India, but I have also gained a lot here. Not material gains, but intellectual and spiritual gains.”Spiritual gains in this hotbed of consumerism? He seems to have got it all wrong. Isn’t India the place people go for spiritual gains? He says, “It’s really about knowing yourself. In India surrounded by family, you don’t really learn so much about yourself. Coming here to America and struggling, I got to know myself.”Banerjee, whose inspiration is Swami Vivekanand, says, “I am much more privileged and much happier than before, now that I have found my own niche in working for the poor and the dispossessed.”Daily he sees the ugly underbelly of the American Dream as he fights for new immigrants, people whose dreams are completely broken. There are battered women who have no way of going back home; construction workers who are old and still struggling on scaffoldings for a pittance; domestic servants who are not even given a mattress to sleep on; the hundreds of men with Muslim names or brown faces who have faced a hard new America after 9/11; random victims of accidents, circumstances or crime. Being with them and providing them with some kind of hope and solidarity gives him satisfaction – and yes, makes him happy.“There are so many stories of unhappy people,” he says. He recalls a Bangladeshi couple, a doctor and a pharmacist, who won the Immigrant Diversity Visa lottery and came to this country to make it big. “Recently I saw him working at a gas station, pumping gas at 3 a.m. His wife is waiting on tables at a restaurant.”Then there are some elderly parents for whom the large suburban palaces of their children have nothing to warm them. Having joined their offspring in America, they are cut off from their life-source, marooned in a fast-moving America they cannot connect with, dependent on busy children who don’t really have time for them. And for the elderly, feelings of alienation are further intensified when poverty is thrown into the mix. If they happen to live with children who are barely making it in this country, the situation is even more dire, especially for those with lack of health insurance or access to public services.Yet Banerjee finds that poor families tend to give more emotional mooring and respect to their elders: “The rich are more acculturated and Americanized and they really follow the white American model of lifestyle, which is not really conducive to what South Asian senior immigrants expect.”The new immigrants he meets often have learnt to live with dashed expectations. Many cannot go back, because they have nothing to go back to. Homes have been sold, old lives shuttered. Then there is the very real obstacle going back a failure, of losing face with one’s own people.“I know many people who tell their families they are doing great jobs here. They are working on Wall Street or doing some great business, whereas in reality they are working as a cook in a dingy Indian kitchen or working as a street vendor,” says Banerjee. “There is nothing wrong with these professions, because they are all equally dignified. But the point is they are embarrassed to tell their families they are doing this type of job.”To this list of unhappy people, Sharmila Rudrappa, assistant professor in the Department of Sociology and Center for Asian American Studies at the University of Texas at Austin, adds another category: the much envied IT worker.Rudrappa, who hails from Bangalore, is author of Ethnic Routes to Becoming American, which is based on observation of Indian immigrants in Chicago at Apna Ghar and Indo American Center for her PhD project.She is currently working on a new project, researching technology workers, whom she calls techno-brasseros, a hreference to the agricultural laborers from Mexico who come to the United States as temporary workers. Yes, whether you’re picking beans on a farm or deciphering endless code on your computer screen, life can be equally hard and monotonous.The people she’s met have gone through tremendous ups and downs: “Not all these IT workers have fabulous pay packages. They work crazy hours and they can get incredibly depressed about the kinds of isolation and the lack of job satisfaction they face. Sometimes they encounter xenophobia at work, and also after 9/11 there is a general anxiety about brown people. These things have a resonance which affect general well being.”In the world of body shopping and intra-company transfers, there is no sense of permanence: She recalls one programmer from Banglore who came to the United States with his wife and soon had twin babies. He made the mistake of buying a house , just two months before he lost his job. She says: “They had to sell the house, pack up their stuff with two new babies and relocate to a completely different part of the country to a new job. And within the year he lost that job too.”It’s not just money alone, but an immense sense of uncertainty that adds to the anxiety. People who came on H1B visas in the latter half of the 1990’s are often the one’s affected. She says, “Coming to the U.S. is not pain-free for these people. To come on an H1B visa and then to have it not pan out in the ways they would like is incredibly heart wrenching. So, very often they don’t get U.S. citizenship, they’ve made tremendous sacrifices and dragged their families back and forth. They find that their middle class aspirations are not as easily transferable here as they thought they would be.”The wives of H1B visa holders aren’t permitted to work, which many find very frustrating if they led active professional lives in India. They are tied to the home, curbed of their economic freedom and power in a way they would not have been in India.Another phenomenon Rudrappa has seen in Austin, Texas, where the oil industry flourishes involves many mid-career Indians from various Middle Eastern countries, who transferred to the United States.While these executives keep busy with work and their children go to college, it is the wives who have a hard time adjusting. Most cannot drive – in Middle East countries like Saudi Arabia they weren’t allowed to drive – and so here they are stranded in suburban homes in Houston and Dallas: “It is absolutely isolating and incredibly depressing for them,” Rudrappa says. Immigrants seem to live with a constant internal tussle about the trade-offs, the losses and the gains. Merit is often touted as the barometer of success in America. But, of course, many other variables kick in – whom you know, the color of your skin, the kind of networking you do and just pure luck.Nor can immigrants fully escape the class factor even here in America. Says Rudrappa, “Class advantages in India can translate very effectively for you here. If you speak with a British accent, you’re cool. If you speak with a strong Indian accent you become this oily, ugly immigrant. People might think that in coming to the United States, they can transcend class, because no one knows them here and they can pull themselves up by sheer dint of hard work. Not necessarily true.”Every year, tens of thousands of Indian leave home and loved ones to make it in America.Outside, the crickets chirrup incessantly in the humid Indian night. Inside, the neon-lit airport is abuzz with human voices: the huge Boeing jet sprawls out on the tarmac, ready to fly the next load of dreamers to the Promised Land across the oceans. The air is awash with the fragrance of marigolds as families weep and hug their departing ones: proud and sad and a little apprehensive, but incredibly happy for what the future holds.There is the young man smiling, fighting back tears, as he waves to his family before disappearing past the gates. There is his new bride, bangles of red and ivory clinking on her wrists, clinging to her parents before she too follows her husband into a new life at the gates. There is the long-married husband and wife, having sold their house and belongings, as they head down the walk-way, their children skipping behind them into the unknown.The families watch and wave as they disappear, swooped and carried away by a mighty silver bird into the sky.Out in the mustard fields on the outskirts of the city, the father looks up at the starlit skies as he hears the drone of the magical winged bird, a tinge happy, a tinge apprehensive envious for the son or daughter catapulting to a new life.The premise of the American Dream falls apart if they don’t succeed in America financially, because economic success after all was the raison d’etre for leaving the homeland.Many would be immigrants confuse the real America with the America perpetuated by Hollywood, enhanced with Dolby Sound. Whether it’s a romantic comedy, a thriller or a musical, the women are sexy, the cars are fast – and yes, life is beautiful. All dilemmas are settled by the end of 90 minutes, and though you know it’s just a movie, when you are living in India and have never seen America, it’s all you have to go by.Yes, you see drug dealers and seedy neighborhoods in the movies, but isn’t that just cinematic color and drama for the backdrop? Immigrants never picture themselves in that scene. They visualize a landscape where the streets are paved with gold, with a house in a pristine suburbs and a hefty bank balance.It is often a rude awakening for a new immigrant to find himself in a rundown seedy apartment crawling with roaches and rats, counting pennies and struggling to hold on to a miserable job that he hates, if only for survival.The faces of indifferent strangers greet him in the corridors and on the streets. At that moment, the string bed in the open courtyard of his village home, surrounded by loved ones and a pot of saag cooking on the family hearth, seems incredibly inviting.This too is somebody’s American Dream gone awry. Related Itemslast_img read more

Indian-ness

first_img“Indian-ness” is the cultural part of mind that informs the activities and concerns of daily life of vast numbers of Indians. How to behave toward superiors and subordinates in organizations, the kinds of food conducive to health and vitality, the web of duties and obligations in family life, are as much influenced by the cultural part of the mind as are ideas on the proper relationship between the sexes, or the one to the Divine. Sudhir Kakar a leading psychoanalystand cultural psychologist is author of 20 books, including The Inner World, Shamans, Mystics and Doctors, The Analyst and the Mystic, Culture and Psyche, The Colors of Violence, The Ascetic of Desire, Ecstacy, Mira and the Mahatma and most recently The Indians:Portraits of a People, from which this article is excerptedOf course, in an individual Indian, the civilizational heritage may be modified and overlaid by the specific cultures of his family, caste, class, or ethnic group. Yet an underlying sense of Indian identity continues to persist, even into the third or fourth generation in the Indian Diasporas around the world, and not only when they gather together for a Diwali celebration or to watch a Bollywood movie.The cultural part of our identity, modern neuroscience tells, is wired into our brains. The culture in which an infant grows up constitutes the software of the brain and much of it is already in place in childhood. Not that the brain, a social and cultural organ as much as a biological one, does not keep changing through interactions with the environment in later life. Like the proverbial river, one never steps into twice, one never uses the same brain twice. Even if our genetic endowment were to determine 50 per cent of our psyche and early childhood experiences another 30 percent, there is still a remaining 20 percent that changes through the rest of our lives. Yet as the neurologist and philosopher Gerhard Roth observes, “Irrespective of its genetic endowment, a human baby growing up in Africa, Europe or Japan will become an African, a European or a Japanese. And once someone has grown up in a particular culture and, let us say, is 20 years old, he will never acquire a full understanding of other cultures since the brain has passed through the narrow bottleneck of culturalization.”In other words, our identities are less “fluid” than we would like or realize, our choices in this respect limited by the possibilities of the adult brain. Identity, then, is not a garment that can be put on or taken off in response to the weather outside, but is worn under the skin. It is not something I have chosen, but what has seized me. It can hurt, take a tragic course, be cursed or bemoaned, but cannot be discarded though it can always be concealed from others or, more tragic, hidden from one’s own self.I am well aware that at first glance the notion of a singular Indian-ness may seem far-fetched. How can one generalize about a country of a billion people – Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Jains, speaking 14 major languages and with pronounced regional and linguistic identities? How can one postulate anything in common between a people divided not only by social class, but also by India’s signature system of caste, and with an ethnic diversity characteristic more of past empires than of modern nation states? Yet from ancient times, European, Chinese and Arab travelers have identified common features among India’s peoples. They have borne witness to an underlying unity in apparent diversity, a unity often ignored or unseen because our modern eyes are more attuned to espy divergence and variation than resemblance. Thus in 300 BC, Megasthenes, the Greek ambassador to Chandragupta Maurya’s court, remarked on what one would today call the Indian preoccupation with spirituality:“Death is with them a frequent subject of discourse. They regard this life as, so to speak, the time when the child within the womb becomes mature, and death as a birth into a real and happy life for the votaries of philosophy. On this account they undergo much discipline as a preparation for death. They consider nothing that befalls men as either good or bad, to suppose otherwise being a dream-like illusion, else how could some be affected with sorrow and others with pleasure, by the very same things, and how could the same things affect the same individuals at different times with these opposite emotions?”In more recent times, India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, writes in his The Discovery of India.“The unity of India was no longer merely an intellectual conception for me; it was an emotional experience which overpowered me… It was absurd, of course to think of India or any country as a kind of anthropomorphic entity. I did not do so… Yet I think with a long cultural background and a common outlook on life develops a spirit that is peculiar to it and that is impressed on all its children, however much they may differ among themselves.”This “spirit of India” is not something ethereal, inhabiting the rarefied atmosphere of religion, aesthetics and philosophy, but is captured, for instance, in animal fables from the Panchatantra or tales from the epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana that adults tell children all over the country. It shines through Indian musical forms, but is also found in mundane matters of personal hygiene such as the cleaning of the rectal orifice with water and fingers of the left hand or in such humble objects as the tongue scraper, a curved strip of copper (or silver in case of the wealthy) used all over India to remove the filmy layer that coats the tongue.Indian-ness, then, is about similarities produced by an overarching Indic civilization, pre-eminently but not exclusively Hindu that has contributed the lion’s share to what I would call the “cultural gene pool” of India’s peoples. In other words, Hindu culture patterns have been dominant in the construction of Indian-ness although I would not go as far as that acerbic critic of Hindu ethos, the writer Nirad Chaudhury, who maintained that the history of India for the last 1,000 years has been shaped by the Hindu character and that he felt “equally certain that it will remain so and shape the form of everything that is being undertaken for and in the country.”Some of the key building blocks of  Indian-ness or Indian identity are: an ideology around personal and especially family relationships that derives from the institution of the joint family, a view of social relations profoundly influenced by the institution of caste, an image of the human body and bodily processes that is based on the medical system of Ayurveda, a cultural imagination teeming with shared myths and legends, especially from the epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata, a “romantic” vision of human life (in contrast to a more “ironic” vision prevalent in the West), a special Indian cast to the mind that prefers a relativistic, contextual way of thinking. Here let me illustrate what I mean by taking the example of human relationships. Photo: FotocorpIf each one of us begins life as mystic, awash in a feeling of pervasive unity where there is no distance between ourselves and the outer world, then the process of sorting out a “me” from “not-me” is one of the primary tasks of our earliest years. The task involves the recognition, later taken for granted, at least in most of our waking hours and in a state of relative sanity, that I am separate from all that is not-I, that my “Self” is not merged, but detached from the “Other.” The experience of separation has its origins in our beginnings, although its echoes continue to haunt us till the end of life, its reverberations agitating the mind, at times violently, in times of psychological or spiritual crisis.The Indian gloss on the dilemmas and pain of banishment from the original feeling of oneness, the exile from universe, has been to emphasize a person’s enduring connection to nature, the Divine, and all living beings. This unitary vision, of soma and psyche, individual and community, self and world, is present in most forms of popular culture even today. From religious rites to folk festivals, from the pious devotion of communal singing in temples to the orgiastic excesses of holi, there is a negation of separation and a celebration of connection.The high cultural value placed on connection is, of course, most evident in the individual’s relationships with others. The yearning for relationships, for the confirming presence of loved ones and the psychological oxygen they provide, is the dominant modality of social relations in India, especially within the extended family. Individuality and independence are not values that are cherished. It is not uncommon for family members who often accompany a patient for a first psychotherapeutic interview, to complain about the patient’s autonomy as one of the symptoms of his disorder. Thus the father and elder sister of a 28-year-old engineer who had a psychotic episode described their understanding of his chief problem as one of unnatural autonomy: “He is very stubborn in pursuing what he wants without taking our wishes into account. He thinks he knows what is best for him and does not listen to us. He thinks his own life and career are more important than the concerns of the rest of the family.”The high value placed on connection does not mean that an Indian is incapable of functioning when he is by himself or that he does not have a sense of his own agency. What it does imply is his greater need for ongoing mentorship, guidance and help from others in getting through life and a greater vulnerability to feelings of helplessness when these ties are strained.The yearning for relationships, for the confirming presence of loved ones and the distress aroused by their unavailability in time of need, are more hidden in Western societies where the dominant value system prizes autonomy, privacy and self-actualization, and holds that individual independence and initiative are “better” than mutual dependence and community. But, it depends of course, on the culture’s vision of a “good society” and “individual merit” whether a person’s behavior on the scale between fusion and isolation is nearer the pole of merger and fusion with others or the pole of complete isolation. In other words, the universal polarities of individual vs. relational, nearness versus distance in human relationships are prey to culturally molded beliefs and expectations.To borrow from German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer’s imagery, human beings are like hedgehogs on a cold night. They approach each other for warmth; get pricked by the quills of the other and move away till, feeling cold, they again come closer. This to and fro movement keeps on being repeated until an optimum position is reached where the body temperature is above the freezing point yet the pain inflicted by the quills – the nearness of the other – is still bearable. The balancing point is different in various cultures. In India, for example, as compared to modern European and North American cultures, the optimum position entails the acceptance of more pain to get greater warmth.The emphasis on connection is also hreflected in the Indian image of the body, a core element in the development of the mind. In the traditional medical system of Ayurveda, everything in the universe, animate or inanimate is believed to be made of five forms of matter. Living beings are only a certain kind of organization of matter. Their bodies constantly absorb the five elements of environmental matter. For Ayurveda, the human body is intimately connected with nature and the cosmos and there is nothing in nature without relevance for medicine.The Indian body image, then, stresses an unremitting interchange taking place with the environment, simultaneously accompanied by a ceaseless change within the body. Moreover, in the Indian view, there is no essential difference between body and mind. The body is merely the gross form of matter (sthulasharira), just as the mind is a more subtle form of the same matter (sukshmasharira); both are different forms of the same body-mind matter -sharira.By contrast, the Western image is of a clearly etched body, sharply differentiated from the rest of the objects in the universe. This vision of the body as a safe stronghold with a limited number of drawbridges that maintain a tenuous contact with the outside world has its own cultural consequences. In Western discourse, both scientific and artistic, there is considerable preoccupation with what is going on within the fortress of the individual body. Preeminently, one seeks to explain behavior through psychologies that derive from biology – to the relative exclusion of the natural and meta-natural environment. The contemporary search for genetic basis to all psychological phenomena, irrespective of its scientific merit, is thus a natural consequence of the Western body image. The natural aspects of the environment – the quality of air, the quantity of sunlight, the presence of birds and animals, the plants and the trees – are a priori viewed, when they are considered at all, as irrelevant to intellectual and emotional development.Given the Western image of the body, it is understandable that the more “far-out” Indian beliefs on the effects on the sharira of planetary constellations, cosmic energies, earth’s magnetic fields, seasonal and daily rhythms, precious stones and metals – are summarily consigned to the realm of fantasy, where they are of interest solely to the “esoteric” fringe of Western society.It is not only the body but also emotions that have come to be differently viewed by the Indian emphasis on connection. As cultural psychologists have pointed out, such emotions as sympathy, feelings of interpersonal communion and shame, which have to do with other persons, become primary while the more individualistic emotions, such as anger and guilt, are secondary.The Indian mind has a harder time experiencing and expressing anger and guilt, but is more comfortable than the Western individualistic psyche in dealing with feelings of sympathy and shame. If pride is overtly expressed, it is often directed to a collective of whom the self is a part. Working very hard to win a promotion at work is only secondarily connected to the individual need for achievement, the primary driving motivation in the West. The first conscious or pre-conscious thought in the Indian mind is, “How happy and proud my family will be!”This is why Indians tend to idealize their families and ancestral background, why there is such prevalence of family myths and of family pride, and why role models for the young are almost exclusively members of the family, very frequently a parent, rather than movie stars, sporting heroes, or other public figures favored by Western youth.This greater relational orientation is also congruent with the main thematic content of Indian art. In traditional Indian painting and especially in temple sculptures, for instance, man is not represented as a discrete presence, but absorbed in his surroundings; the individual not separate, but existing in all his myriad connections. These sculptures, as Thomas Mann in his Indian novella The Transposed Heads remarks, are an “all encompassing labyrinth flux of animal, human and divine…visions of life in the flesh, all jumbled together…suffering and enjoying in thousand shapes, teeming, devouring, turning into one another.”If one thinks of Eros in its narrow meaning of sex, then it is undeniable that contemporary Indian society is marked by widespread sexual repression. If, however, one conceives of Eros in its wider connotation of a loving “connectedness” (where the sexual embrace is only the most intimate of all connections), then the relational cast to the Indian mind makes Indians more “erotic” than many other peoples of the world.The relational orientation, however, can also easily slip into conformity and conventional behavior, making many Indians psychologically old even when young. On the other hand, the Western individualistic orientation has a tendency towards self aggrandizement, “the looking out for Number One,” and the belief that the gratification of desires – most of them related to consumption – is the royal road to happiness.In a post-modern accentuation of “fluid identities” and a transitional attitude toward relationships, of “moving on,” contemporary Western man (and the modern upper class Indian) may well embody what the Jungians call puer aeternus – the eternal youth, ever in pursuit of his dreams, full of vitality, but nourishing only to himself while draining those around him.I do not mean to imply that Indian identity is a fixed constant, unchanging through the march of history. Indic civilization has remained in constant ferment through the processes of assimilation, transformation, re-assertion and re-creation that came in wake of its encounters with other civilizations and cultural forces, such as those unleashed by the advent of Islam in medieval times and European colonialism in the more recent past. The evolution of Indo-Iranian forms in art, architecture and classical music in medieval times, the modern developments in painting, sculpture and literature, are some of the examples in the field of “high” culture although virtually no part of Indic civilization has remained unaffected by these encounters. Be it “traditional” Indian cuisine or Bollywood musical scores, Indic civilization has not as much as absorbed as translated foreign cultural forces into its own idiom, unmindful or even oddly proud of all that is lost in translation. The contemporary buffeting of this civilization by a West-centric globalization is only the latest in a long line of invigorating cultural encounters that can be called “clashes” only from the shortest of time frames and narrowest of perspectives. Indic civilization, as separate from though related to Hinduism as a religion, is thus the common patrimony of all Indians, irrespective of their professed faith.Indians, then, share a family resemblance in the sense that there is a distinctive Indian stamp on certain universal experiences: growing up male or female, love, sex and marriage, behavior at work, status and discrimination, the body in illness and health, religious life and, finally, ethnic conflict. In a contentious Indian polity, where various groups loudly clamor for recognition of their differences, the awareness of a common Indian-ness, the sense of “unity within diversity,” is often absent.Like Argentinian writer Jorg Luis Borges’ remark on the absence of camels in Koran because they were not exotic enough to the Arab to merit attention, the camel of Indian-ness is invisible or taken for granted by most Indians.  Their family resemblance begins to stand out in sharp relief only when compared to the profiles of peoples of other major civilizations or cultural clusters. A man who is an Amritsari in Punjab, is a Punjabi in other parts of India and an Indian in Europe and North America; the outer circle of his cultural identity, his Indian-ness, is now much more salient for his self-definition, and for his recognition by others than his sub-identities when he was at home. This is why in spite of persistent academic disapproval, people (including academics in their unguarded moments) continue to speak of “the Indians”, as they do of “the Chinese”, “the Europeans” or “the Americans,” as a necessary  and legitimate short cut to a more complex reality. Here, whenever we compare Indians to people belonging to other major cultures, our comparative intent does not assume an opposition between civilizations, but regards them as complementary ways of existing in the world.Indian-ness is a composite portrait, which enables Indians to recognize themselves and be recognized by others. This recognition cannot have a uniform quality even while we seek to identify the commonalities that underlie what the anthropologist Robin Fox calls the “dazzle” of surface differences. I suspect that Hindus belonging to the upper and middle castes will see a picture in which they will see many features that are intimately familiar. Even in their case, the portrait is not a photograph. But neither is it a cubist representation a la Picasso where the subject is barely recognizable.  Our effort is more akin to the psychological studies of such expressionist painters as Max Beckman or Oskar Kokoschka or, nearer to our times, the portraits of Lucien Freud who uses realism to explore psychological depth. Others at the margins of Hindu society (such as the Dalits and tribals, or the Christians and Muslims ) will spot only fleeting resemblances in one or other of the fea tures. Indian-ness, then, is a category with fuzzy boundaries. Yet, this Indian-ness does exist, that the Punjabi and the Tamil, for instance, however different they appear on the surface, share a family resemblance at the psychological level.I am also aware that what we are attempting here is an unfashionable “big picture,” a “grand narrative”. Yes, there is a speculative quality on settling on certain patterns of Indian-ness as central. Yet without the big picture – whatever its flaws of inexactness or tendency to err in some details – the smaller, local pictures, however accurate, will be myopic, a mystifying jumble of trees without the pattern of the forest.Indian-ness OverseasThe engagement with Indian-ness is more pronounced in the Indian Diaspora in the United States than in India itself. The reasons are not hard to fathom. Identity, both personal and cultural, lives itself for the most part, unfettered and unworried by obsessive and excessive scrutiny. Everyday living incorporates a zone of indifference with regards to one’s identity. It is only when this zone of indifference is breached that aspects of our cultural identity, our Indian-ness, stand out in sharp relief.In the United States, these breaches are commonplace in encounters with members of other cultures. Especially among first generation of Indian migrants, observations such as “They think like that,” “They believe this,” Their customs are like that,” inevitably lead to a self-interrogation and questions which may not have been conscious before: “What do we think?” “What do we believe?” “What are “our” customs?” In bringing together people in closer proximity, the processes of globalization and migration paradoxically increase self-consciousness, which separates and differentiates.Of course, not all or even most of these encounters are emotionally neutral. Indians in the United States are frequently exposed to indifference or condescension toward their cultural traditions. As a writer friend ruefully reports, even the best of American publications still spell Gandhi as Ghandi and highly educated Americans are wont to ask him whether he writes in English or in “Hindu.” For some in the Diaspora, a succession of these petty humiliations gives rise to a tendency to idealize the myths, memories, symbols and rituals that are a part of their Indian-ness.Indeed, they may embrace their Indian identity with a fervor that is far in excess of their counterparts in the home country. Others seek to abjure their Indian-ness altogether, seeking an assimilation  Asiathe dominant Anglo-Saxon culture by what psychoanalysts call “identification with the aggressor.”By identification I do not mean an adaptation to one’s environment, which is a laudable achievement. It is only when the Indian-ness is completely rejected, when Gurcharan is not only “Tony” at his workplace and to his American friends, but begins to think of himself and feel as Tony that we may talk of an identification with the dominant culture.The zone of indifference surrounding a person’s Indian identity is not only constantly breached in encounters with the dominant host culture, but also by inner psychological changes at certain stages of the life cycle. The cut-off parts of the self – the Indian-ness, will always return, if not at some later part of the person’s life cycle then perhaps at some juncture in the lives of his or her children or grand children.Thus, for instance, youth is regarded as a period of life when issues of identity become crucial, when the conscious and unconscious preoccupation with the question “Who am I? reaches its peak. Many Indians in the Diaspora, who have willingly chosen to thoroughly assimilate themselves into American society and appear to have lost all traces of their Indian origins, are surprised to find that the issues of cultural identity have not disappeared. These have only skipped a generation as their sons and daughters, on the verge of adulthood, become preoccupied by their cultural roots as part of their quest for personal identity, to the considerable delight of universities offering courses on South Asia. Related Itemslast_img read more

Indian Woman’s Memory Takes Center Stage in Ireland’s Abortion Campaign

first_imgAlmost six years after her death, Indian-origin dentist Savita Halappanavar continues to be at the center of debate over Ireland’s abortion laws. As the country gears up for a referendum on whether or not to retain the Eighth Amendment to the Irish Constitution, which grants a mother and unborn child an equal right to life, Halappanavar’s case looms large in public minds. She died in 2012 after her request for termination of her pregnancy was denied in Ireland.The referendum over the amendment is scheduled to take place on May 25.Ahead of the vote, several women have been coming out to say that they faced the same circumstances as Halappanavar, Irish Times reported. “My circumstances were the same as those of Savita Halappanavar, the young woman who had died at University Hospital Galway in 2012,” a woman wrote to the publication to share her story.“Every week Irish women travel to Liverpool, exported because Irish hospitals are prohibited by law from looking after them. Please vote Yes to remove the Eighth Amendment and stop our pain,” she said, according to the report.Many took to the social media to remember Halappanavar.“If she had the termination when asked for it, the sepsis would not arise,” one Twitter user posted.I’ve had a lot of people tell me that Savita Halappanavar’s death had nothing to do with the 8th.I just want to take a quote from the author of the independent report on her death: “If she had the termination when asked for it, the sepsis would not arise.” https://t.co/skIuSIGG7K— Aoibhinn (@aoibhinn_ni_s) May 14, 2018Many rooted for repealing the ban, saying, “Yes for Savita,” on Twitter.YES for Savita HalappanavarYES for Sheila HodgersYES for Michelle HarteYES for the 13 year old girl in the ‘X’ caseYES for the 13 year old girl in the ‘C’ caseYES for the women of the ‘A,B & C’ case— Keith (@ShrillockHolmes) May 12, 2018According to a recent poll conducted by the Irish Times, 42 per cent respondents said that they would vote “No” to keep the ban on abortion that currently exists in the constitution, while 58 per cent said they would vote “Yes” in favor of removing the 8th Amendment.Halappanavar’s father Andanappa Yalagi last month urged the people of Ireland to vote “Yes” to remove the ban on abortion in Ireland. “I will watch this vote. I hope the people of Ireland will vote yes for abortion, for the ladies of Ireland and the people of Ireland. My daughter, she lost her life because of this abortion law, because of the diagnosis, and she could not have an abortion. She died,” Yalagi said, the report added.Halappanavar did not simply die because she contracted sepsis, but due to the result of Ireland’s restrictive abortion laws, Sabaratnam Arulkumaran, author of an independent report on Halappanavar’s death, said in October last year, the Irish Examiner reported.“It was very clear the things holding the hands of physicians was the legal issue. Anybody, any junior doctor, would have said this is a sepsis condition, we must terminate,” Arulkumaran said. “If she had a termination in the first days as requested, she would not have had sepsis. If she had the termination when asked for it, the sepsis would not arise,” he added.People paid a tribute to Savita Halappanavar in October last year, saying that they will never forget what happened to her. Abortion Rights Campaign, an organization campaigning for legalizing abortion in Ireland, posted updates about the memorial on its Facebook page.The 31-year-old Halappanavar died on Oct. 28, 2012 when she was 17 weeks pregnant. This was a week after she came to hospital complaining of severe back pain. Doctors found that she was miscarrying, but her request for terminating the pregnancy was turned down since doctors could detect the fetus’ heartbeat. Related ItemsabortionIrelandwomen’s rightslast_img read more

Man Arrested for Blackmailing Saudi Based Indian Doctor with Morphed Photos

first_imgThe Mumbai Police has arrested a man from Uttar Pradesh for blackmailing a Saudi Arabia based Indian doctor with her morphed photographs. In order to get money, he started to threaten the doctor, who had actually helped him in the country during his tough financial circumstances.The arrested has been identified as Mohammed Irshad Malik, Times of India reported.According to the Indian Express, Malik, a resident of Jogeshwari in Mumbai, used to work at a mall in Taif city in Saudi Arabia, where he befriended the doctor, who hails from Jammu and Kashmir, last October. He gained her sympathy by telling her that his employers were not paying him regularly and he was in dire situation.“The doctor felt sorry for him and helped him out. But as they kept in touch over the next year, Malik stole all the data from the doctor’s phone and left Saudi Arabia on Sept. 26 this year,” the newspaper quoted a Mumbai Police Crime Branch officer as saying.He edited some of the stolen pictures and morphed them into obscene photographs. He sent these edited pictures back to the doctor and demanded Rs. 2 Lakh from her telling her he would share those pictures with her contacts if she did not pay him. According to the police, he actually sent pictures to some of her contacts, after which the worried doctor wired him Rs. 20,000, the report added.Shortly after, the doctor came to India and filed a complaint against Malik in Mumbai. The police found it difficult to trace him in the beginning as he was using Saudi Arabian phone numbers. Also, he was using encrypted video calling and text applications, which made the job to track him even more difficult. After consistent search attempts, he was finally traced to Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh, from where the police arrested him earlier this week.The publication cited a police officer as saying that Malik wanted to set up a saloon for which he needed money and he found the doctor his perfect victim. Related Itemslast_img read more

Road Warriors: Durant’s 32 leads NBA champions past Cavs

first_imgTyphoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC It was Golden State’s second straight win over Cleveland, which has dropped eight of 10 dating to a loss to the Warriors on Christmas Day. The Cavs were down just 93-91 entering the fourth, but missed 17 of 19 shots to open the period, and Golden State throttled away.“It seemed like the rim just got smaller and smaller,” James said. “But I like our effort. If we continue that going into our next few games, then I like where we are.”The teams have met in the Finals each of the past three years. And while there’s no guarantee there will be a fourth matchup, at this point only one of them looks prepared in January for June.Durant, though, expects the Cavs to improve as they incorporate Thomas.“Everyone knows it’s going to take a while to get into a comfortable groove here,” he said. “It’s a new system, so I don’t think this game was any indication of what’s going to happen with this team down the line. They’ll be much better than they are right now — and we all know that.”ADVERTISEMENT View comments “I’ve just got to get in shape,” he said. “I’ve got to get my legs back. I’ve got to keep pushing, keep working and it’ll come back.”TIP-INSWarriors: Their franchise record for consecutive road wins is 14 set in 2015-16. … Recorded 33 assists on 41 made field goals. … Kerr smiled when reminded that James recently said his best basketball is still to come. “I know he’s better now than he was four years ago,” Kerr said. “That’s insane when you think about that because that should have been his prime, four years ago, and he was already an MVP and a champion. He’s better — better shooter, better player. He keeps getting better. So I believe him.”Cavaliers: James needs 41 points to become the seventh player to score 30,000 career points. … Coach Tyronn Lue still believes the Cavs are the Eastern Conference’s best team “because we’ve got the best player in the world.” … While Thomas remains on a minutes restriction, Lue said he expected the All-Star guard to struggle as he works himself into game shape after being sidelined seven months. “He’s moving pretty good,” Lue said. “It’s just mental.”UP NEXTWarriors: Continue five-game trip on Wednesday in Chicago.Cavaliers: Host Orlando on Thursday. The Magic beat the Cavs earlier this season in Cleveland. BI on alert for illegally deployed OFWs to Iraq Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Kevin Durant out with Achilles injury; to undergo MRI on Tuesday PLAY LIST 03:12Kevin Durant out with Achilles injury; to undergo MRI on Tuesday00:50Trending Articles01:43Who are Filipinos rooting for in the NBA Finals?01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Durant scored 32 points, Stephen Curry added 23 and Golden State extended its road winning streak to 13 with a 118-108 Martin Luther King holiday victory Monday night over the Cleveland Cavaliers, their struggling NBA Finals foes.Durant scored 16 in the third quarter for the defending champions, who clamped down on defense and pulled away in the fourth to remain unbeaten outside Oracle Arena since Nov. 22. It’s not that they play poorly at home, but Durant said the Dubs take a different identity when they travel.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“At home, we just relax a little bit,” Durant said. “This is who we are when we’re on the road.”LeBron James scored 32 points and Kevin Love 17 for Cleveland, which had its home winning streak stopped at 13. Isaiah Thomas, getting his first taste of the Warriors-Cavaliers rivalry, had 19 points in 32 minutes — his most in five games as he returns from a hip injury. Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa LATEST STORIEScenter_img OIC Marcial reaffirms PBA’s commitment to Gilas program 8th Top Leaders Forum assessed the progress of public-private efforts in building climate and disaster resilient communities MOST READ John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Read Next Cleveland Cavaliers’ Jae Crowder, left, knocks the ball loose from Golden State Warriors’ Kevin Durant in the first half of an NBA basketball game, Monday, Jan. 15, 2018, in Cleveland. (AP Photo/Tony Dejak)CLEVELAND — Once the lead swelled to 14, Kevin Durant waved both arms like a boxing referee stopping a fight.Another knockout on the road for these Warriors.ADVERTISEMENT Asian shares slide on weak Japan data; US markets closed Do not bring these items in SEA Games venues Cleveland was home after going 1-4 on a road trip that included blowout losses in Minnesota and Toronto.For three quarters, the Cavs matched the Warriors shot for shot. But with Durant and Curry on the bench, a Golden State lineup of Andre Iguodala, Draymond Green, David West, Klay Thompson and Shaun Livingston stretched the lead.“That unit, they won us the game with their energy and their effort,” Durant said. “They pushed the basketball and they set us up well to kind of end the game in the last three or four minutes. That’s what a well-rounded team does.”Despite their recent struggles, the Cavs remain a confident bunch, and they showed some early swagger. After he and his teammates were introduced to “Gloves Are Comin’ Off” by rapper 7kingZ, James came out swinging.He was in attack mode from the start, scoring 16 points in the first quarter and setting the tone for the Cavs.Later in the half, James retreated down the lane for a huge block on Durant, blasting the ball off the glass to trigger memories for Cleveland fans of his famous chase down on Iguodala in the closing minutes of Game 7 of the 2016 Finals.DUNK CITYCurry threw down a two-handed dunk in the third quarter that surprised his teammates.“It was like a dream,” Curry said. “I thought I was going to wake up and I was going to be back in my bed in the hotel, but it actually happened. Somebody said it was like a unicorn sighting. It was pretty cool for me to get a dunk in that situation.”After being asked several times about the play, Curry said, “Seven dunk questions. This is crazy.”BETTER THOMASThomas came away from his most extensive court time feeling good.last_img read more

Dangal total collection: Aamir Khan film crosses Rs 1700 cr at the box office

first_imgAamir Khan’s Dangal is setting new box-office records in China, making Indian cinema proud internationally. Dangal has bagged more than one billion Yuan (approximately Rs 946 crore) in the neighbouring country, making it the 33rd film in China to have crossed this mark, according to latest reports.Dangal is based on the true story of wrestler Mahavir Singh Phogat, played by Aamir Khan, who trained his daughters Geeta Phogat and Babita Kumari in wrestling to help them compete at the international level. Dangal made a whopping collection of Rs 374 crore in India.According to the latest reports, Dangal has earned Rs 1756 crore worldwide.#Dangal GBOC @ WW BO (Till May 30th 2017):#China – ? 979.50 Crs#Taiwan – ? 32 CrsRoW – ? 744.50 CrsTotal – ? 1,756 Crs- Ramesh Bala (@rameshlaus) May 31, 2017The Nitesh Tiwari-directed sports drama, released across 9,000 screens in China on May 5, was at number one position for two weeks only to be replaced by Pirates of the Caribbean recently.With its unbelievable success in China, Dangal has now dethroned Baahubali 2: The Conclusion from the position of the highest grossing Indian film ever. Baahubali 2: The Conclusion, however, is yet to be released in China. Before SS Rajamouli’s Baahubali 2 became the highest grosser, Aamir’s 2014 film PK enjoyed the position for a period of two years.Apart from Aamir Khan, Dangal starred Fatima Sana Shaikh, Sanya Malhotra, Zaira Wasim, Sakshi Tanwar and Aparshakti Khurrana in the lead roles. The film was acclaimed by critics almost unanimously and saw innumerable people flocking to the theatres to catch a show.advertisementALSO READ: Baahubali 2 vs Dangal box-office collection: Neck-to-neck competition between Aamir and Rajamouli’s films ALSO READ: Baahubali 2 vs Dangal box-office collection: Aamir Khan’s film beats SS Rajamouli’s epic MOVIE REVIEW: DangalALSO WATCH: Dangal Movie Reviewlast_img read more

Roma getting the most out of Chris Smalling in their latest evolution

first_img Pinterest Sportblog 2Inter Milan101225 3Atalanta101421 Share on Pinterest Topics Read more Roma features 6Napoli10718 18Brescia9-57 9Parma10113 4Roma10719 The second booking collected by Genoa’s Francesco Cassata earlier in the match, furthermore, was hard to justify. It all added up to a bullet dodged by Juventus – wearing a bizarre fourth-kit with fluorescent green sponsor’s logo – who did not play at all well.Nor, truthfully, did Inter in their victory over Brescia on Tuesday. The goals of Lukaku and Lautaro Martínez, who opened the scoring with a heavily deflected shot, are covering a lot of ills for Antonio Conte’s team.Yet the Belgian’s run to celebrate with his manager, after bending his shot into the far corner from 20 yards, felt like the key visual from this game. Conte, just like Fonseca with Smalling at Roma, is getting the most out of a player who Manchester United were only too happy to discard. Quick guide Serie A results, 29-30 October 2019 Twitter Hide 8Fiorentina10215 Premier Sports 📺 (@PremierSportsTV)🚨 JUVE WIN IT FROM THE PENALTY SPOT IN STOPPAGE TIME!⭐ Ronaldo wins a penalty, and converts the winner, just moments after having a goal ruled out offside by VAR⬆ The Bianconeri jump above Inter into top spot once again pic.twitter.com/5AXF0EjJ0cOctober 30, 2019 Share on Messenger Romelu Lukaku’s best goal yet for Internazionale. Cristiano Ronaldo bagging a 95th-minute winner to put Juventus back on top of the table. Six players sent off in an evening, and Carlo Ancelotti seeing red, too, after his Napoli team blew their second lead of the night against Atalanta. Serie A’s midweek round was certainly eventful.We will get to all the stories mentioned above, but this also feels like a moment when we need to talk about Chris Smalling. He scored his first Serie A goal on Wednesday, the second of four in Roma’s romp past Udinese. The strike itself was nothing special – not even the best of the night by a centre-back playing for a club from Italy’s capital – but it was a moment to cherish for a player who has relaunched his career superbly in Italy over the past couple of months. Facebook Nabil Fekir, Rubí and a picture that sums up sport Share on Facebook Share via Email 16Lecce10-89 11Verona10-112 Even putting his goal to one side, Smalling played well again on Wednesday. His centre-back partner Federico Fazio was harshly sent off after half an hour following a coming-together with Stefano Okaka, but Roma, already a goal up by that stage, rarely looked in danger of conceding after they were reduced to 10 men.Mancini, who started in midfield, dropped back into defence in what became a 4-4-1, but the Giallorossi continued to dictate the play. Smalling made the score 2-0 when he pounced on Kevin Lasagna’s uncertain touch at a corner, jabbing the ball home at the back post. Justin Kluivert and Aleksandar Kolarov completed the rout.Asked afterwards whether his loan move to Roma could become permanent, Smalling deferred, saying that: “Anything could happen.” The club, at least, are keen, with the sporting director, Gianluca Petrachi, suggesting that he would open discussions with United if the player wanted to stay.Victory moved Roma up to fourth, an impressive position when set against their lengthy injury list. Bryan Cristante, Lorenzo Pellegrini, Amadou Diawara, Henrikh Mkhitaryan, Davide Zappacosta and Nikola Kalinic are all presently sidelined. Edin Dzeko has been playing in a protective face mask after fracturing his cheekbone.Despite it all, they are now ahead of Napoli – whose draw against Atalanta arrived in controversial circumstances. The Partenopei were leading 2-1 in the 85th minute when Simon Kjaer rugby-tackled Fernando Llorente in the penalty area. Play continued, and Atalanta scored at the far end. Share on LinkedIn 5Lazio101218 10Bologna10-112 Perhaps it was all for the best. Smalling came cheap – the fee has been reported at €3m for a one-year loan – and has quickly become a fixture of Roma’s starting XI. More than that, he is playing well. Through six Serie A appearances, no opponent has dribbled past him, and he has succeeded with 100% of his attempted tackles.He is well-suited to the style of football preferred by Paulo Fonseca. The Roma manager, hired from Shakhtar Donetsk in the summer, prefers a high defensive line, making pace an essential trait for his centre-backs. Smalling told Roma’s club website this month that he has enjoyed being placed in individual duels.“In England quite often you have to deal with just one striker, so you’ve got your other central defender covering you – whereas often here you can be left two-on-two a lot of the time,” he said. “There’s a lot more runs in behind being made too … I’m enjoying it – because I quite like a tussle and a sprint against the striker. It definitely suits my game.”Fonseca’s Roma are a team in evolution, still adapting to the coach’s ideas. Early in the season, the commitment to pressing opponents inside their own half bordered on the reckless, leading to chaotic end-to-end matches against Genoa and Sassuolo. More recently, there has been greater balance, though that is aided too by Smalling’s recovery speed – a sharp contrast with the week-one starter, Juan Jesus.That the Englishman is taking on his coaches’ instructions is evident in other areas, too. When Edin Dzeko scored Roma’s opener against Milan at the weekend, it was with the assistance of a well-choreographed crossing run from Smalling, to take out his marker at a corner.Conversely, his most frustrating moment to date only won him more sympathy from Roma’s supporters. Smalling was adjudged to have given away a penalty in the 90th minute of his team’s Europa League game against Borussia Mönchengladbach, allowing the Germans to equalise. In reality, the ball hit him in the face. Social media was awash with surrealist memes. 12Torino10-511 13AC Milan9-410 Thank you for your feedback. 17Genoa10-108 20Sampdoria10-135 Was this helpful? 19SPAL9-97 It was precisely the sort of refereeing error that VAR was designed to correct. Yet the officials in the replay booth never recommended that Piero Giacomelli conduct a pitch-side review. Some commentators have since suggested that Llorente initiated the contact with Kjaer, making it impossible to call this a “clear and obvious” penalty decision. This column respectfully disagrees.Asked about his red card, Ancelotti claimed the referee had asked him to help restore order among furious players. “I said: ‘Don’t you think there’s even a chance it could have been a penalty?’ In response, he threw me out. I feel as though my professionalism has been attacked.”Further contentious decisions would follow in Turin, where Juventus’s winning goal came from a Ronaldo penalty which he earned for himself in second-half injury time. Antonio Sanabria’s challenge was clumsy and perhaps made enough contact with the forward’s shin to justify a spot-kick. But Ronaldo’s delayed reaction and exaggerated fall, deliberately kicking out his back leg, looked more ridiculous with each repeat viewing. Smalling’s arrival in late August felt like an afterthought. Roma had been working throughout the transfer window to reinforce a defence that conceded 48 goals last season, and which lost its one reliable performer when Napoli triggered Kostas Manolas’s release clause.Gianluca Mancini was signed from Atalanta – a richly-talented 23-year-old who had won his first senior Italy caps earlier in the year – but attempts to bring in an experienced partner to play alongside him were less successful. Roma landed on Smalling only after having bids for Toby Alderweireld and Dejan Lovren turned down. Fiorentina’s German Pezzella and Juventus’s Daniele Rugani were also considered, but in both cases the asking price was too high. 15Sassuolo9-29 1Juventus10926 Share on WhatsApp Brescia 1-2 Internazionale, Parma 0-1 Verona, Cagliari 3-2 Bologna, Juventus 2-1 Genoa, Lazio 4-0 Torino, Sampdoria 1-1 Lecce, Sassuolo 1-2 Fiorentina, Udinese 0-4 Roma, Napoli 2-2 Atalanta European club football Show Roma Barilla (@roma_barilla)Ciao sono Smalling @UEFAcom_it pic.twitter.com/DZ8HkEdzlkOctober 24, 2019 PosTeamPGDPts 14Udinese10-1210 Serie A 7Cagliari10618 Premier Sports 📺 (@PremierSportsTV)😱 LATE DRAMA AT THE SAN PAOLO!⚽ Atalanta equalise through Iličić!😤 Napoli denied a penalty in the build-up, Ancelotti sent off in the aftermath! pic.twitter.com/EPb3xhDqjSOctober 30, 2019 Share on Twitter Reuse this contentlast_img read more

AP Voter Who Ranked Michigan Ahead Of Ohio State Issues Update

first_imgJ.T. Barrett scores a touchdown against Michigan.ABC.The AP voter who ranked Michigan ahead of Ohio State has written a statement.Tom Murphy, an AP Poll voter who writes for the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, ranked Michigan ahead of Ohio State in the latest top 25. He was the only AP voter (there are 61) to do so.The ranking was justified, in Murphy’s mind, because of the perceived poor officiating that occurred in the double-overtime contest in Columbus.“The Wolverines essentially outplayed their arch rival on the road and I don’t think the football reached the necessary 15-yard line on J.T. Barrett’s fourth-down run in double overtime. As that was the game-decided play, I appointed myself as the replay official and deemed Michigan the winner,” he wrote.Murphy has faced some serious criticism for his vote and issued the following statement today, admitting he made a mistake.I have heard from many of you over the last 24 hours. I have looked and listened. As I cast my ballot for this week’s Associated Press Top 25 poll, I had not seen all the available angles of Ohio State’s fourth-down run in the second overtime. If I had, I would not have been as definitive in my view of the spot on J.T. Barrett’s run.My error was in not having a greater appreciation for the well-trained game officials who spotted the gain and confirmed the call on the field. For that I apologize and confirm that I respect the decision of those officials and the outcome of the game.You can read his full letter here.last_img read more

Securities Commission Issues Cease Trade Order

first_imgThe Nova Scotia Securities Commission has issued a temporary cease trade order against two companies attempting to trade in Nova Scotia. The cease trade order applies to Jabez Financial Services Inc., based in Panama, and JFS Credit Union, based in Sweden. Neither Jabez Financial Services Inc., or JFS Credit Union has cleared a prospectus to distribute securities in Nova Scotia. Three individuals have also been ordered to cease all trading in the securities of Jabez Financial Services Inc. and JFS Credit Union. Quintin Earl Sponagle, Trevor Hill and Barry Beaton of Nova Scotia are not currently registered to trade in the province. The order was issued today, Nov. 8, and is effective immediately. The order expires in 15 days unless extended by the commission.last_img

La Province cherche à améliorer les services demploi

first_imgPendant que la Nouvelle-Écosse se prépare en vue du grand nombre de débouchés qui se dessinent à l’horizon, la Province améliore les services d’emploi pour aider les gens à trouver et à décrocher de bons emplois. « Les services d’emploi ont été pendant trop longtemps axés uniquement sur les chômeurs, et le degré de service offert est différent selon la région de la province, de dire l’adjoint ministériel pour la jeunesse, Mat Whynott, au nom de Marilyn More, ministre du Travail et de l’Éducation postsecondaire. Notre but est de faire en sorte que tous les Néo-Écossais — les jeunes gens, les gens qui pensent à changer de carrière, les nouveaux arrivants dans la province et les gens qui veulent revenir sur le marché du travail — ont les services dont ils ont besoin pour trouver et dénicher de bons emplois ici, chez eux. » La Province a lancé une consultation publique aujourd’hui, 30 janvier, qui comprendra des groupes de discussion, un document de travail et la consultation de groupes ciblés comme les chercheurs d’emploi, les employeurs, les fournisseurs de services d’emploi et les organismes communautaires. La Province finance 55 organismes en Nouvelle-Écosse qui assurent des services de gestion de carrière, mais les services diffèrent d’une région à une autre et n’atteignent pas tous les clients qui en ont besoin. Le plan des emplois ICI et la stratégie sur la main-d’oeuvre feront appel aux centres de carrières pour soutenir les planificateurs de carrières, les chercheurs d’emplois et les employeurs partout en Nouvelle-Écosse. « Une fois que je serai diplômée du NSCC, j’aurai un diplôme en sciences et un diplôme en gestion de l’information sur la santé, de préciser l’étudiante Lynn McLean. Ce serait génial de pouvoir obtenir une orientation et un soutien auprès de services d’emploi pour m’aider dans ma recheche d’un bon emploi qui convient aux études que j’ai faites. » Le document de travail est affiché dans le site Web du gouvernement. La date limite pour y réagir est le 15 mars. « Nous devons avoir des services d’emploi de grande qualité pour soutenir notre économie en transformation et pour garantir que notre main-d’oeuvre est prête pour tirer profit de l’abondance de débouchés que les mégaprojets comme le contrat de construction navale et les technologies de l’information apporteront en Nouvelle-Écosse, de conclure M. Whynott. Nous voulons que les gens nous disent comment nous pouvons améliorer les choses. Nous voulons des idées et des suggestions pour que nous puissions mieux aider les gens à se trouver du travail. » Pour plus d’information, consultez http://careers.novascotia.ca/YourFeedback.last_img read more

Health ministers to talk cannabis opioids during twoday meeting in Edmonton

first_imgEDMONTON – The health implications of legalized cannabis and ways to combat Canada’s rising opioid problem are on the agenda when health ministers meet this week in the Alberta capital.Provincial and territorial ministers will hold discussions Thursday and will get an update on the marijuana file from federal counterpart Ginette Petipas Taylor on Friday.Manitoba Health Minister Kelvin Goertzen says he wants to know more about the impacts on health and on the health system.“Many studies show that people are affected by the consumption of marijuana up until the age of 25 because there can be long-term effects if the brain is still developing up until that age,” said Goertzen.“We have concerns from a health perspective — what additional costs does that cause to the system and what negative outcomes does it cause to Canadians?”Ottawa has set the minimum legal age for marijuana consumption at 18 when recreational cannabis use becomes legal July 1. The provinces can set the minimum age higher.“We’ve done a great deal in society trying to move people away from smoking. If you suddenly have more people smoking, in this case marijuana, you’re going to have some long-term detriment to people’s health,” said Saskatchewan Health Minister Jim Reiter.“There’s the issue about at what point is it safer for use.”The Canadian Medical Association says 25 is the safe age health-wise but says 21 would be a more realistic number to keep youth from getting cannabis through the black market.A number of provinces already have preliminary plans in place. Ottawa and New Brunswick are looking at a minimum age of 19, while Alberta is proposing 18.The federal government is getting push back on what critics say is too ambitious a plan to have legalized cannabis, along with tougher Criminal Code penalties and sanctions, in place by next summer.In July, premiers and territorial leaders did not call for a delay, but said they might ask for an extension if Ottawa does not help them resolve the issues related to distribution, safety, taxation, justice and public education.Ottawa has said it won’t allow the sale of edible cannabis until it has rules in place around health warnings, serving sizes and packaging.The ministers also plan to compare notes on how various jurisdictions are working to combat the increased use of opioids.Last month, the federal government reported that at least 2,816 Canadians died from opioid-related causes in 2016 — a total that’s expected to surpass 3,000 in 2017.The Canadian Institute for Health Information warns the crisis is hitting the health system. It says 16 Canadians a day are being hospitalized for opioid toxicity in 2016-17, up from 13 a day two years prior — a rise of almost 20 per cent.B.C.’s Minister of Mental Health and Addictions Judy Darcy said four people are dying daily in the province from drug overdoses.“We’re going to be asking (Ottawa) to remove some of the barriers that are in place now to the rapid approval of safe consumption sites,” Darcy said.Alberta Health Minister Sarah Hoffman said they will discuss “some of the specific actions that are happening in different jurisdictions that we would like the federal government potentially to support us with.”Hoffman said they will also be looking at outcomes and impacts from recent overall health cost-sharing deals struck between Ottawa and the provinces.B.C. Health Minister Adrian Dix and Ontario’s Eric Hoskins say they will pursue reforms on prescription drugs.“I plan to work with the other jurisdictions towards a national pharmacare program, and I hope that this meeting will be a good first start,” said Dix in a statement.Hoskins said he will be telling the group about steps Ontario has taken. Starting Jan. 1, the Liberal government’s youth pharmacare plan will cover more than 4,400 prescription medications for Ontarians under 25, with no co-pay or deductible, at an annual cost of $465 million.“Obviously one of the concerns is affordability, so I believe that Ontario can demonstrate that it can be done,” Hoskins said.— with files from Allison Jones in Toronto, Jennifer Graham in Regina, Steve Lambert in Winnipeg and Dirk Meissner in Victorialast_img read more

Meditel to Become Part of Orange Before End of This Year

Rabat – As Moroccan company Meditel prepares to become a part of French telecommunications network Orange , it appointed Yves Gauthier as the new director of Meditel on Monday at a meeting of Meditel’s board of directors in Paris.The new director of the company, who previously supervised the the Egyptian company Mobinil’s transfer to Orange,  will start his new job in September.In July 2015, Orange signed a deal to increase its holdings in Meditel to 49%. This deal set the stage for increasing Orange influence in Meditel and the current transition. According to Stephane Richard, Chief Executive of Chairman of Orange, preparations to initiate the change are on in full swing . Richard stated: “Change will take place before the end of this year. We are just waiting for the green light from Yves to start.’’Gauthier explained  that the transition from Meditel to Orange will not only involve changing the brand’s colors, but will require the company to focus on Morocco so that consumers in the kingdom feel that their needs are being met.Edited by Bryn Miller read more

Algerian Minister Implies Morocco Falsely Claims Couscous its Own

Rabat – The prime minister of Algeria, , accused Morocco of “taking credit for this Maghrebi dish,” referring to couscous. The minister was on a couscous-tasting tour on Thursday at Algiers’ Pasta Production Fair.“A neighboring country has taken credit for couscous. We have to prove them wrong. We are not saying that couscous is Algerian but Maghrebi. We have to promote Algerian couscous though,” he said.Ouyahia also said that the fair had proved that “exports are now part of the Algerian entrepreneurial culture, both public and private.”As of 2016, the top exporters of couscous were, respectively, France, Italy, Morocco, Israel, and Tunisia and the top importers were France, the UK, the US, Belgium–Luxembourg, and Germany, according to the Observatory of Economic Complexity.Outside the Arab region, the North African couscous is also found in Sicily and Brazil. In January, food experts from Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia discussed making a joint proposal to add couscous to UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage List. Algeria and Morocco also dispute the origin of Rai folk music. read more

Claims of asylum inconsistently examined across European Union – UN

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has found that among 12 European Union (EU) nations, there are inconsistencies in the way asylum applications are assessed.The EU’s Asylum Procedures Directive, adopted in 2005, seeks to ensure that refugee status determination is uniform across the regional bloc and sets out guarantees for asylum procedures, including the right to a personal interview, and the right to appeal decisions. Last year, nearly 250,000 asylum claims were registered across the EU, the UN agency noted in a new study. “It found that Member States are applying the Directive inconsistently, in come cases in ways that may breach international refugee law,” UNHCR spokesperson Melissa Fleming told reporters today in Geneva. Applicants were not always granted interviews, given enough time to prepare for them or to explain their claims. Further, interpreters were not always on hand or were qualified. In one country, UNHCR found 171 identically-worded interview reports, with only the name of the applicant and country of origin having been changed. At the time of the agency’s research, three countries used lists of so-called ‘safe countries of origin’ to make their decisions, but these lists different among nations. “Only one country [Ghana] appeared on the list of all three States, although in one of them Ghana was only considered ‘safe’ for men,” Ms. Fleming noted. Additionally, she pointed out, accelerated process have curbed safeguards designed to protect asylum-seekers, giving rise to the risk that their protection needs are not properly identified and that they may be sent back to countries where they face persecution or serious harm. The one dozen countries studied for the report, which also applauded successes such as good cross-cultural communications skills, were: Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain and the United Kingdom. More than 1,000 individual case files and asylum decisions were studied, while researches observed hundreds of applicants’ interviews and spoke with asylum officials, judges, lawyers and other officials. UNHCR, based on the study, is calling for the EU to improve its practices, including training of officials examining asylum claims, as well as setting up guidelines and codes of conduct for interviewers and interpreters. 26 March 2010The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has found that among 12 European Union (EU) nations, there are inconsistencies in the way asylum applications are assessed. read more

Defence Secretary officials discuss North land issue

Secretary to the Ministry of Defence B M U D Basnayake and a delegation from the Ministry of Resettlement, Reconstruction and Hindu Affairs had talks today on the resettlement programmes of displaced persons in the North and the release of land held by the military.The army media unit said that Basnayake, who assumed duties after President Maithripala Sirisena was voted to power, undertook his first formal visit to the North during today, together with the tri-service Commanders. At the Security Force Headquarters, Major General Nandana Udawatte presented a briefing on the current situation in regard to release of lands in the High Security Zones to the rightful owners of the general public. In addition, Navy and Air Force Commanders in the Jaffna area gave separate briefings on their roles and tasks to the Secretary at the same occasion. Later in the evening, the Defence Secretary sat down with a delegation from the Ministry of Resettlement, Reconstruction and Hindu Affairs for a review on recent resettlement programmes of displaced persons in the North. (Colombo Gazette) The itinerary commenced with his arrival at the Security Force Headquarters – Jaffna (SFHQ-J) this morning where he was received by Major General Nandana Udawatte, Commander, SFHQ-J at the Palaly airport. read more

Johann Peries reaches halfway mark on climb of Mount Everest

An Everest expedition requires a large financial commitment and every step sponsored goes towards financing the expedition. Johann has dedicated this expedition to all Sri Lankans. Sri Lanka’s Johann Peries has reached the halfway mark through his expedition to climb Mount Everest. He commenced his journey by flying from Kathmandu to Lukla, from where he hiked for ten days to reach Everest Base Camp (EBC).The base camp will be his adopted home for approximate five weeks. Keeping him warm amidst the freezing weather in the Himalayas, is the wonderful response to the ‘Climb Everest with Johann’ campaign, which invites Sri Lankans to sponsor each step that Johann takes on the mountain for Rs.100 to participate in this exhilarating climb to the summit. With each successive rotation, the climber climbs to a higher altitude and so far Johann has completed the rotation to Lobuche Peak which is 6,119m high. This is a particularly difficult climb after which he required rest and then a series of ladder training exercises to prepare him for the next rotation through the famous Khumbu Icefall- a treacherous series of glaciers which have to be crossed with ladders.Currently, Johann is on a rotation through the Khumbu Icefall up to Camp 1 from where he will proceed to Camp 2 and then back down again.  The complete rotation will take five days and he is expected to return to the Everest base Camp at the end of this week. Using the camp as his base, Johann will perform a series of climbing rotations. A rotation is a climbing exercise in which the climber climbs to a higher altitude, rests and then returns back to the base. Having been in training since December 2016, Johann is technically equipped to undertake this expedition. He is no stranger to this act of courage. Johann Peries and Jayanthi Kuru-Utumpala were the first Sri Lankans to attempt to summit the peak of 8,848m above sea level in April 2016. Johann managed to reach a height of 8,400m, a mere 448m short of reaching the summit, before technical difficulties forced him to descend. (Colombo Gazette) read more

UN aid programme identifies 395 million in priority deliveries for Iraq

The Office of the Iraq Programme (OIP) said it continued to race against the clock, together with six UN agencies and organizations, to identify priority items specified by the Council – food, medicines, health supplies, water and sanitation equipment and supplies – that can be extracted from the pipeline and shipped by 12 May as required in resolution 1472 (2003).The Oil-for-Food programme, which allowed Iraq to use part of its oil revenues to buy humanitarian supplies and on which 60 per cent of the population depend as its sole source for rations, was temporarily halted on 17 March after the withdrawal of all UN staff from Iraq on the eve of hostilities. The Security Council adopted a new resolution on 28 March giving Secretary-General Kofi Annan more authority to administer the operation for the next 45 days, including prioritizing deliveries.The OIP said most of the priority goods confirmed with 137 suppliers were in the food ($181.7 million), agriculture ($103.8 million) and health ($46.1 million) sectors. Most were already in transit at the onset of the war and would be routed to strategic locations in Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Kuwait and Iran for transhipment to Iraq. read more