The participation of young people in the General Assembly’s special session on children marked an historic departure from past conferences and enlivened the event with fresh perspectives, the Executive Director of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said today as the three-day meeting entered its final stretch.In contrast to the 1990 World Summit for Children, “the extraordinary difference and vitality that was felt in the meeting rooms and the hallways and the discussions by the inclusion of young people as participants, along with adults as official delegates, able to comment and offer their views and opinions, [created] a freshness,” Ms. Bellamy told a news conference in New York, where the meeting has been under way since Wednesday. Prior to the special session, some 400 kids attended a children’s forum, while some 250 youths were included in their countries’ official delegations. “They reminded us that children should not be seen as an expense but rather an investment,” the UNICEF chief noted. “They made it very clear that they thought that there have been plenty of words in the past and plenty of promises but it is now time for action.”In another step forward since 1990, Ms. Bellamy noted, the draft text set for adoption at the conclusion of the meeting dealt with the concerns of all States. “This outcome document clearly has very strong commitment and language on child rights and as such, with its agenda – that ranges from health to education to protection to AIDS – really is a global document,” she said, referring to the draft – A World Fit for Children. “This document applies to all countries, no matter what economic status.”Agreement on the document had not yet been reached, she said, “but there was some significant movement over the last 24 hours, particularly in agreement on strong language dealing with child rights.” “The work goes on to try and deal with the remaining paragraphs,” she added, noting that language on reproductive health was still under discussion.Stressing the need for action in the future, Ms. Bellamy said, “This meeting is not a success or failure based on whether it has an outcome document – it is a success or a failure based on what happens after the meeting.”The action plan focuses on four primary areas: promoting healthy lives, access to and completion of quality education, protection of children against abuse, violence and exploitation, and fighting HIV/AIDS. According to Ms. Bellamy, over 60 summit-level participants attended the event. In parallel to the special session, there was also a religious leaders’ forum on the role of those individuals with respect to children, as well as a forum for parliamentarians, which attracted some 250 lawmakers from 79 countries. Leaders from the private sector were on hand, as were members of civic society, with some 700 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from 119 countries attending.Statistics released by the spokesman for the President of the General Assembly showed that the special session was attended by over 2,600 delegates, 1,720 NGO representatives and 800 media correspondents. Several legal actions have also been taken during the meeting, including Somalia’s signature of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which has now been endorsed by every country on earth, and ratified by all but the United States. A dozen countries signed or ratified the treaty’s Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict, and 10 its Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.
FRANKFORT, Ky. (WTVQ) – Biologists with the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources are closely monitoring water conditions at Lake Cumberland with fish starting to show signs of stress due to elevated water temperatures and depleted oxygen levels.“We have been experiencing some shad and alewife die-offs in different parts of the lake the past few weeks, which is due to the continued high water temperatures and deteriorating oxygen levels,” said Marcy Anderson, Southeastern District fisheries biologist with Kentucky Fish and Wildlife. “The striped bass bite had been good up to this week, but now the fish are getting sluggish, which is a sign they are getting stressed due to poor water quality conditions.”- Advertisement – Lake Cumberland, a 50,250-acre reservoir in southern Kentucky, reaches a depth of 200 feet in the old river channel near Wolf Creek Dam. Its depth allows the lake to support cool-water species, such as walleye and striped bass.A combination of factors can deplete critical dissolved oxygen levels in the cooler water depths preferred by these species.When flooding rains swelled Lake Cumberland to record levels earlier this year, record discharges followed from Wolf Creek Dam. When water is discharged, it is pulled from the cooler depths of the lake.Related Article: Volunteers help keep Lexington’s creeks healthy“What we have in Lake Cumberland is not unique; it’s something you see in a lot of larger lakes,” said Ron Brooks, Fisheries Division director with Kentucky Fish and Wildlife. “You have a normal thermocline below which you have cooler unoxygenated water. You go down another 40 feet and there is an additional oxygenated layer. That layer is where your walleye and your big stripers hang out. When the dissolved oxygen in that deeper layer disappears, we get fish kills.”Anderson said striped bass and walleye become stressed when dissolved oxygen levels fall below 3 mg/L. They can survive at levels below 2 mg/L, but not for an extended time.Dissolved oxygen levels measured Monday near Jamestown were inadequate or marginal below 30 feet. At the dam, dissolved oxygen levels were inadequate or marginal below 35 feet. Unfortunately, near the surface, where dissolved oxygen is adequate, water temperatures are too warm. Striped bass and walleye generally prefer temperatures between 64 and 77 degrees.“Normally we have a layer of suitable dissolved oxygen and preferred temperatures for striped bass and walleye in the lake,” said Jeff Ross, Fisheries Division assistant director. “But the dissolved oxygen in the temperature bubble is disappearing. We’re concerned that both species will continue holding in that cooler water until the oxygen runs out and they’ll become trapped.”Fish species in the lake that are more tolerant of warmer water, such as smallmouth and largemouth bass, crappie and bluegill, are not as affected by the current conditions.“There’s nothing we can do to add oxygen to that lower level,” Ross said. “We just need cooler weather to bring surface temperatures down.”